The Bush- Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) is a standardised, quantifiable examination of catatonia designed to screen and diagnose. Tab. 1: According to the item Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS), here partially modified and partially reported, the severity of catatonia is. PDF | Objective: This article aims to describe the adaptation and translation process of the Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) and.

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Because the KANNER scale is based on an exhaustive and comprehensive review, we propose that it be adopted and tested prospectively for its clinical utility, sensitivity, and specificity.

American Psychiatric Press, Inc; Treating persistent catatonia when benzodiazepines fail. A Catxtonia Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment. Consequently, those clinicians who are not familiar with the concept of catatonia do not diagnose nor treat catatonia. Hot Topics in Multiple Sclerosis. There is a practical value in detecting catatonia because lorazepam, electroconvulsive therapy ECTand other treatments have continued to demonstrate improvement in response and outcome. A home of its own.

The Northoff Catatonia Scale This manuscript was developed by the authors and does not constitute research or opinions of the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Schizophrenia Research, In spite of the classical history of catatonic signs, there is much confusion over the reference definitions for the terms used in these rating scales. The authors have no financial conflicts of interest relevant to the contents of this manuscript. In the published literature, katatonia has staged a remarkable comeback over the past 15 to 20 years, with several rating scalesbrain imaging and genetic studies, and neurochemical theories that underscore the importance of this clinical entity.


However, scales to screen for catatonia in neuropsychiatric settings are often neglected. Each rating scale has the support of its own research group leading to lack of uniformity in catatonia rating scales.

Catatonic signs must be elicited by examination but are usually not observed nor detected by a routine clinical interview. Catatonia from its creation to DSM-V: DSM-IV also included catatonia due to a general medical condition. Presentation and frequency of catatonia in new admissions to two acute psychiatric admission units in India and Wales.

Undiagnosed catatonia can increase morbidity and mortality, illustrating the need to effectively screen patients for presence of catatonia as well as their response to treatment. Int J Methods Psychiatric Res.

Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) – PsychTools

Introduction Catatonia has been identified in a variety of psychiatric, medical and neurological disorders, and drug-induced states. The BFCRS was tested on a sample of 28 acutely ill patients presenting with catatonic syndrome from an acute psychiatric inpatient clinic and a university hospital. Perhaps the European catatonia rating scales could provide improved detection, recognition, and measurement of treatment response and provide options for research into catatonia. Currently, autism autistic disorder has been placed as a subcategory of pervasive developmental disorders.

Psychiatry Towards a Neurological Psychiatry.

Prevalence and clinical significance of catatonic symptoms in mania. Definitions tend to vary from one scale to the other. Stompe et al[19] found that the sensitivity was greater for diagnoses with a higher number of items in katatonia criteria.

The Detection and Measurement of Catatonia

Find articles by Brendan T. Catatonia as a psychomotor syndrome: References American Psychiatric Association. Support Center Support Center.

The pharmacotherapy of catatonia. The KANNER scale is named after Leo Kanner —who described the neuromotor and neurodevelopmental features of autism, which are also features of katatonia.


Catatonic syndrome in a general psychiatric population: Is there a common neuronal basis for autism and catatonia? The rating scale is accompanied by a standardised examination procedure catatonnia of nine steps. The syndrome of Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum.

Learn how your comment data is processed. Consequently, most of these scales are not routinely used to measure treatment response.

The Detection and Measurement of Catatonia

Rating scale and standardized examination. The catatonia rating scale I: A total of 34 patients were included in the study who reported at outdoor department of Mental Health Institute with catatonic symptoms.

There is clinical evidence to suggest that failure to diagnose katatonia or provide effective psychiatric treatment may result in a poor outcome. The Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale BFCRS was the first instrument constructed for the systematic, standardized, and quantifiable examination of catatonia using operationally defined signs and symptoms.

The only language the BFCRS has been translated into is Portuguese and the scale remained as reliable and valid as in the original instrument Santos Nunes et al. Nonetheless, the presence of katatonia predicts a favorable response of these signs to interventions like intravenous amobarbital, lorazepam and other benzodiazepinesand ECT.

The roots of autistic disorder. Leave a Reply Cancel reply You must be logged in to post a comment. A hospital based descriptive study.