This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Gastrointestinal Tuberculosis, Tuberculous Enteritis. Gastrointestinal tuberculosis (also known as tuberculous enteritis) is caused by infection with the organism Mycobacterium tuberculosis and may be seen with or . The diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis can be elusive, Tuberculous enteritis can result from swallowing of infected sputum, ingestion.

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Tuberculous enteritis

HIV test was positive. Peritoneal biopsy guided by laparoscopy or mini-laparotomy can be diagnostic in more than 95 percent of patients and should be strongly considered. Meningitis results from intense inflammation following rupture of a subependymal tubercle into the subarachnoid space. The diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis can be elusive, necessitating a high index of suspicion. The authors declare that there is no eenteritis of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

Subscribe to Table of Contents Alerts. The patient was not aware of HIV status prior to this admission.

Radiographic changes are nonspecific and include soft tissue swelling, juxta-articular osteopenia, joint space narrowing, and subchondral erosions Figure 5. A case of perforation of tuberculous enteritis.


Computer tomography of chest with intravenous contrast showed innumerable random nodules throughout the lung parenchyma bilaterally. All patients with tuberculosis should have counseling and testing for HIV infection.

Email Alerts Don’t miss a single issue. J Bone Joint Surg Am. Tuberculous lymphadenopathy in adults: C 7 Adjunctive corticosteroid therapy is recommended, based on limited evidence, in patients with tuberculous meningitis or pericarditis, and in miliary tuberculosis with refractory hypoxemia.

Tubeeculosa was started on Rifampin, Isoniazid, Ethambutol, and Pyrazinamide. Endoscopically, TB enteritis can present in three different forms: Isolated peripheral tuberculous lymphadenitis in adults: Since OctoberDr.

Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis: An Overview

N Engl J Med. However, in all probability, the incidence is decreasing. Kataria YP, Khurshid I.

Peritoneal fluid is exudative, with a serumascites albumin gradient of less than 1. Open in a separate window.

His sputum AFB smear was strongly positive. The diagnostic rate of intestinal tuberculosis increases if an active tuberculous lesion is observed in other regions when the diagnosis is suspected and identification of a caseating granuloma is made on pathologic exam or through the detection of additional Mycobacterium tuberculosis cultures [ 5 ].

Extraspinal tuberculous osteomyelitis often presents with local pain and can involve any bone. Conflict of Interests The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper. Surgery may be necessary to drain abscesses, debride infected tissue, or stabilize the spine and relieve spinal cord compression.


This website is intended for pathologists and laboratory personnel, who understand that medical information is imperfect and must be interpreted using reasonable medical judgment. Rare complications include bronchopleural fistula, empyema, and fibrothorax.

Gastrointestinal tuberculosis | Radiology Reference Article |

Associated Data Supplementary Materials. On admission he was cachectic, with evidence of temporal wasting.

The hypertrophic and ulcerohypertrophic types commonly affect the ileocecum and cause obstruction or present as a mass [ 4 ]. He immigrated to United States in Am Rev Respir Dis. Search other sites for ‘Gastrointestinal Tuberculosis’.

Read the full article. N Engl J Med ; References Tubervulosa Am J Gastroenterol A high index of suspicion is necessary for timely diagnosis and prompt initiation of therapy.