Mahatma Jyotirao Govindrao Phule wrote 16 books that contributed to the social awakening of the dontrodden masses who were subject to the. Mahatma Jyotirao Phule School. Started school years before independence. The ‘caste discrimination’ incident had a great impact on his. Jyotiba Phule was a 19th century social reformer who was a pioneer of women’s education in India. This biography of Jyotiba Phule provides.

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Govindrao married Chimnabai and had two phupe, of whom Jyotirao was the younger. Many young widows, from the upper-caste spent their days in the orphanage. He is most known for his efforts to educate women and lower caste people.

They also helped to start the school in their premises.

His father Govindrao and mother Chimnabai also grew and sold flowers. These include JotiraoJotibaand Phuley. Ambedkarthe first minister of law of Republic India and the architect of Indian Constitution.

Many accused him of acting on behalf of the Christian Missionaries. Heart-broken, his father refused to remarry and appointed a nurse to look after his two boys. He considered the British as relatively enlightened and liberal. He even records in his book Gulamgiri Slavery that his thoughts regarding freedom were conditioned by Brahmin students and teachers.

Jyotiba Phule

So, it is essential to educate the public to free them from superstition and blind beliefs. A number of statues of the Mahatma have been erected as well as several street names and educational institutes have been rechristened with his name — eg. They told him that he being from a lower caste should have had the sense to keep away from that ceremony. This incident profoundly affected Phule on the injustice of the caste system.


The terminology was later popularised in the s by the Dalit Panthers.

Collected Works of Mahathma Jyotirao Phule Vol.I. Slavery | Rajendra Mekala –

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Indian. In he wrote the book, Gulamgiri Slavery.

The orthodox Brahmins of the society were furious at the activities of Jyotirao. In Gulamgiri, Jotirao explains his aim thus: Jyotirao attacked the orthodox Brahmins and other upper castes and termed them as “hypocrites”. Makers of Phkle India. A visionary much ahead of his time, he was against child-marriage and supported widow remarriage.

He fought for the rights of the untouchables and women and work for their emancipation. The Purana stories display the cunning and conniving nature of the Brahmins: His wife fully jyotlrao his idealistic views and became a feminist and social activist in her own right.

The membership of the samaj included Muslims, Brahmans, and government officials. Dalits in Modern India. The orthodox Brahmins of the society were furious at the activities of Jyotirao.

Jyotirao Govindrao Phule – The Great Indian Social Reformer Who Pioneered Women Education In India

The Government of Maharashtra has taken several steps to further his cause, which includes several government schemes for the Dalits, installation of his statues, and naming public places and institutions after him. Phule established Satyashodhak Samaj with the ideals of human well-being, happiness, unity, equality, and easy religious principles and rituals. Jyotirao attacked the orthodox Brahmins and other upper castes and termed them as “hypocrites”.


He believed that enlightenment of the women and lower caste people was the only solution to combat the social evils. These thinkers aimed at upliftment of the status of women socially, economically, educationally and politically. An intelligent and idealistic man, he refused to tolerate any unjustified behavior from others and set his mind on reforming the society for the better.

But Jyotirao was firm and decided to continue the movement. His father, Govindrao was a vegetable-vendor at Poona. Fortunately, his wife shared his idealistic beliefs. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. One does not find this feature in the ancient Indian social system. He started helping his jyotiro by working on the family’s farm.

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