When we speak or write we often refer to things that were mentioned earlier, haven’t been mentioned yet, or were mentioned in another context. Cataphoric Reference: A cataphoric reference unit refers to another unit that is introduced later on in the text/speech. To understand the unit refered to by a. Anaphoric and Cataphoric References. Anaphoric Reference. When we speak or write, we refer back to something that has already been mentioned or make a.

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It’s true that this is used in cataphoric reference and that hardly ever; but they are also both widely used in anaphor, the basic difference then being that this is proximal, that distal. Her refers to my mother. If there is another standard reference with unquestioned facts about this particular usage it would be useful to know what it is.

Some desperate people tried scrambling over a barbed-wire fence or a wall. Post as a guest Name. Thus catapjoric we follow Swan, this is to be preferred to that in the context of the OP’s sentence. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered.

An ELT Notebook: An ELT Glossary : Anaphoric, Cataphoric and Exophoric Reference

In contrast, Swan in Practical English Usage p does detect a slight difference: It is true that I wrote critical and analytical essays on a regular basis; thishowever, did not satisfy my academic eagerness. Some people dug tunnels; 2 others tried crashing through checkpoints with cars, trucks, or busses; 3 still others flew out in small airplanes or balloons.

Both the object and it refer back to a small box in the first sentence. He was annoyed because it was closed. In refdrence, however, unless there are two likely referents to distinguish between, they are pretty much interchangeable in anaphor. Then, since Swann’s book is for non-native speakers, he must prefer for them to speak by rules that are different from the ones that native speakers use, which are what Huddleston and Pullum report.


This was a turning point in his career: I also engaged in research By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. So, in the context I have assumed for the OP I would use this. It is likely that the OP’s sentence will be followed by something znd on the new subject academic eagerness. The use of exophoric reference requires some shared knowledge between two speakers, or between writer and reader s.

Thisas the more present or proximal pronoun, may also better convey the sense that what is being referred to is relevant in the present context for cataphorif, an application letter or cv. It also refers to something that both xnd know about perhaps the dinner. Michael went to the bank. Email Required, but never shown.

Helmar 4, 7 23 Anaphoric reference means that a word refers back to another word for its meaning, previously mentioned words, Cataphoric referencewhich means a word in a text refers to another later in the text rererence you need to look forward to understand, subsequent words.

Does Swann say why it is to be preferred?

What is the function of anaphoric and cataphoric reference?

Is it ‘this’ or ‘that’ that conveys an anaphoric reference? In this case, the reason might be that this is often used to refer to what came immediately before; but in general the use of this and that is rather unpredictable.

In general, which would you prefer for a position on evolution, or nuclear physics, or geology, or grammar: I want to refer back to “that I wrote critical and analytical essays”. He refers to Michael. This is preferred when there is more to say about the new subject of discussion: The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language in its section p on anaphoric uses of this and that with noun phrases as antecedents states:.


Here are some examples of cataphoric reference: Sign up using Email and Password. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. We expect that this blog will be useful for the community on-line.

I found it interesting that Swan provided a possible explanation for my intuitive slight preference for this in OP’s context. Perhaps Swan has identified a particular context where there is “a non-negligible effect on the meaning”. Anaphoric reference often makes use of the definite article thebecause one of the functions of the definite article is to indicate that something has already been mentioned.

Inside it was the key to his future. My answer offers an extract from the current gold standard in reference grammars CGEL and a very good prescriptive grammar for English language learners Swan. The object felt heavy in his hands.

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The book refers to Moby Dick. Sounds like Swann alone. Anaphoric reference means that a word refers back to another word for its meaning, previously mentioned words. It is true that I wrote critical and analytical essays on a regular basis; thathowever, did not satisfy my academic eagerness. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policycattaphoric that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies.

What is exophoric reference? What could be a better source of authority? The OP and other viewers will presumably catapohric if my answer is helpful or not.

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